Successful initiation depends on experiences in the hospital as well as access to instruction on lactation from breastfeeding experts, particularly in the early postpartum period. Most problems, if identified and treated early, need not pose a threat to the continuation of successful breastfeeding.
By increasing the rates of breastfeeding initiation, duration, and exclusivity, breastfeeding can improve the health of parents and children in the United States.
Why is breastfeeding important?
In the first year of life, breast milk is the best food for babies. It helps babies grow healthy and strong, as it supplies all the necessary nutrients in the proper proportions.
What are the benefits of breastfeeding?
Breastfeeding is good for both infants and parents. Breastfeeding helps protect a baby from many illnesses. Infants who are breastfed have a lower risk of asthma, obesity, type 1 diabetes, acute ear infections, Sudden Infant Death Syndrome, diarrhea, vomiting, and severe lower respiratory disease. Parents who breastfeed their infants have a lower risk of breast cancer, ovarian cancer, type 2 diabetes, and high blood pressure.
How does your body make milk?
While your baby is in your womb, your body provides your baby with all the nourishment it needs. During pregnancy, your body is preparing for your baby’s birth by getting ready to produce breast milk. At delivery, pregnancy hormones change suddenly and the breastfeeding hormones (prolactin and oxytocin) start working to provide breast milk.
When your baby sucks at your breast, the hormones are released, causing milk to flow. The more frequently you breastfeed your baby, the more your hormones will be released and the more milk you will make.
If you breastfeed exclusively without bottle feeding in between feedings, you will have more success in meeting your breastfeeding goals. When your baby feeds well and empties the breast well, especially within the first few weeks, your body will continue to make more milk to meet your breastfeeding goals.
What is in your milk?
Breast milk is filled with the vitamins and nutrients that your baby needs to grow healthy and strong. In the first few days after you give birth, colostrum is the first milk–it is yellow in color and rich in nutrition. Within 3-5 days, your milk will change color and will be produced in greater quantities. Your breast milk has antibodies from your immune system, which will help your baby fight infections.
What does “latching on” mean in reference to breastfeeding?
Latching on is the term used to describe the way your baby attaches to your breast to nurse. To succeed in breastfeeding, it is very important for your baby to latch on well to the breast. A good latch is needed for the breast milk to flow properly and for your baby to feed well.
Breast or nipple pain is a sign that the baby is not latched on well. You can avoid discomfort and pain by latching your baby properly to the breast. Good positioning and properly taking the baby off the breast can help ensure a better breastfeeding experience for both you and your baby.
Lactation consultants can help with any “latching on” issues you might be having with the way your baby attaches to your breast to nurse. They can show you how to bring the baby to the breast, ensure the baby’s mouth is wide open with flanged lips, and achieve an asymmetrical latch onto the areola.
What books would you recommend for breastfeeding?
Here is a list of great books on the subject of breastfeeding:
Recommended Reading List
The Womanly Art of Breastfeeding, La Leche League
The Breastfeeding Class You Never Had, Ann Bennett, IBCLC, RLC
Breastfeeding Made Simple, Nancy Mohrbacher and Kathleen Kendall-Tackett
Ina May’s Guide to Breastfeeding, Ina May Gaskin
The Nursing Mother’s Companion, Kathleen Huggins
Latch, Robin Kaplan and Abby Theuring
The Breastfeeding Book, Dr. William and Martha Sears
Work. Pump. Repeat., Jessica Shortall
So That’s What They’re For, Janet Tamaro
Breastfeeding and Natural Child Spacing, Sheila K. Kippley
Breastfeeding with Confidence, Sue Cox
And here is a book providing insightful, in-depth suggestions on how to be an ideal partner, and become a fully-prepared parent.
We’re Pregnant! The First Time Dad’s Pregnancy Handbook, Adrian Kulp
These books can be purchased online from the following websites:
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) views breastfeeding as an investment in health, not just a lifestyle decision. Low rates of breastfeeding add more than $3 billion a year to medical costs for the parent and child in the U.S.
According to the CDC, despite the recommendation to breastfeed exclusively for about the first 6 months, less than 50% of infants were exclusively breastfed through 3 months and about 25% were exclusively breastfed through 6 months. These rates suggest that mothers may not be getting the support they need from health care providers, family members, and employers to meet their breastfeeding goals. The rates of exclusive breastfeeding through 3 and 6 months have generally been increasing each year; however, they stayed virtually the same among infants born in 2015, compared with infants born in 2014. Approximately 1 in 6 (17.2%) breastfed infants born in 2015 received formula supplementation within the first 2 days of life.
According to Dr. Ruth Peterson, director of CDC’s Division of Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Obesity, “Breastfeeding provides unmatched health benefits for babies and mothers. It is the clinical gold standard for infant feeding and nutrition, with breast milk uniquely tailored to meet the health needs of a growing baby. We must do more to create supportive and safe environments for mothers who choose to breastfeed.”
What are the barriers to breastfeeding in the U.S.?
If you are looking for breastfeeding support before and after your baby is born, our lactation consultants at Nest Collaborative can help. Our expert team provides lactation support for prenatal and postpartum parents, during any stage from beginning to end. Book an appointment today with one of our lactation consultants.
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