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Five Common Breastfeeding Problems (And How to Avoid Them)

At Nest Collaborative, we’re passionate about breastfeeding. We want to help as many parents and babies to benefit from it as possible. Early childhood nutrition. The bonding and emotional development. The lifelong health benefits.

Breastfeeding is truly amazing. But that doesn’t mean it can’t be hard.

Sometimes, in fact, it can be really hard.

Yet we’ve seen time and time again how support, education, and evidence-based practices can make all the difference for a family in their breastfeeding journey. And while each parent and baby have their own path they’ll take, we see some common problems.

Common problem #1: Breastfeeding my baby is PAINFUL

Cracked or bleeding nipples. Sore breast tissue. Sharp pain when your baby latches on.

Breastfeeding pain can come in many shapes, but the reality is that breastfeeding really shouldn’t hurt at all.


Breastfeeding is a different kind of experience for new parents, and, accordingly, you might need an adjustment period to the feeling. But beyond that, breastfeeding shouldn’t ever feel like anything besides a tugging, pulling sensation.

If you’re experiencing actual pain, it’s time to ask for help.

How to deal with breastfeeding pain

The causes for breastfeeding pain? They’re numerous. The most common culprit is when a baby doesn’t have a proper latch — a bad latch is often accompanied by nipple pain that occurs when your baby latches onto just your nipple instead of getting a wide, deep latch onto both your nipple and areola.

Bad latches are painful, yes, but they can cause other problems:

  • Inadequate milk transfer that leads to a drop in your milk supply
  • Low weight gain
  • Nipple injury
  • Clogged ducts and/or mastitis

The silver lining is that latching is a learned skill. You absolutely can teach your baby how to latch well, even if they have issues like tongue or lip ties. It may take some practice, but getting this skill down will make your breastfeeding journey all the easier. (And more comfortable.)

Need help? An IBCLC can help you figure out the right latching techniques for you and your baby.

Other causes of breastfeeding pain

Bad latches aren’t the only reason for breastfeeding pain. Other culprits include:

  • Clogged ducts
  • Mastitis
  • Thrush
  • Tongue or lip ties
  • Nipple blanching and vasospasms

Common problem #2: My breasts are REALLY engorged

Engorgement happens to lots of parents. It’s common in early breastfeeding when your transitional milk comes in. And it can happen later on if you miss a breastfeeding session or get a clogged duct or mastitis.

Whatever the cause, it will make you wonder how your breasts could ever feel so hard and uncomfortable? (And let’s not forget to mention the tight, itchy skin; elevated temperature; or swollen lymph nodes that can also accompany engorgement.)

But beyond the immediate physical discomfort, engorgement can set the stage for other breastfeeding problems. If left unaddressed, engorgement can lead to clogged ducts or mastitis. It can also reduce your milk supply — after all, breastfeeding is all about supply and demand. If you miss a breastfeeding session, that engorgement tells your breasts that that milk isn’t necessary after all.

How to deal with engorgement

The first step to avoiding engorgement is to nurse frequently — and to not miss sessions. And the best treatment for engorgement? Nursing or pumping.

But you can speed up relief by incorporating the following techniques into your nursing or pumping:

  • Apply a warm, damp compress to your breasts or take a warm shower — moist heat can help soften your breasts and speed up milk removal.
  • Use breast massage or a lactation massager to break up clogs and soften breasts.
  • Apply a cool compress to reduce inflammation.
  • Ensure that your baby removes as much milk as possible from your breast — make sure they have a good latch and position during nursing.
  • Use breast compression or massage during nursing or pumping.
  • Hand express after they’re finished nursing to remove any additional milk.

Common problem #3: There’s a hard, tender spot on my breast, and it hurts to nurse

Nipple pain is one thing, but what about when a hard, tender — and maybe even HOT — spot shows up on your breast?

What’s going on with that?

When a hard, tender spot appears on your breast, the most likely culprit is a clogged duct.

Clogged ducts occur when one or more of your milk ducts has a milk blockage. This can be because you missed a nursing session, didn’t empty your breasts fully after nursing, or wore a top or bra that was too tight. (Sports bras can be a common culprit.)

Clogged ducts are uncomfortable enough on their own, but they can create additional problems, such as mastitis and a decrease in your milk supply if they aren’t resolved.

How to deal with clogged ducts

If you’ve already got a clogged duct, getting rid of it is a relatively manual process. What does that mean? Nursing. Nursing through a clogged duct can be painful, but it’s what keeps your milk flowing. And that flow of milk? It will help break up the clog.

If the clog is stubborn, you may try additional methods, such as:

  • Applying a warm compress on your breast before nursing.
  • Using breast massage, lactation massager, or electric toothbrush to break up the clog.
  • Dangle feeding, which uses gravity to help empty your breast.

Common problem #4: My baby wants to nurse constantly — I don’t think I’m making enough milk

You know a growing baby needs a lot to eat. You just didn’t think it was, well, quite THIS much. It all can make a parent wonder if their baby is getting enough milk in the first place.

But in all seriousness, worries about producing enough milk are really, really common among parents. This particularly goes for new parents who are breastfeeding for the first time. In fact, these concerns are so significant that they’re the top reason that parents decide to quit breastfeeding.

Why the concern, though? Why do parents think they aren’t making enough milk in the first place?

There are a few reasons we hear from parents, but most often, it’s because their baby is nursing constantly.

When babies nurse over and over (and over) again, especially in the first few months of their lives, parents worry that they must not be satisfied. However, just because your baby nurses frequently doesn’t mean he/she isn’t getting enough milk. Your baby could be cluster feeding, going through a growth spurt, or might simply need the comfort of nursing.

Remember, a baby needs to nurse 8-12 times a day on average. This amount can be more, though. And while it might seem like a lot, nursing frequently is how your baby keeps the breast milk coming.

How do you **know** that your baby is getting enough milk, though?

Take a deep breath. Give yourself a big hug. And then look at how your baby is doing–gaining weight along the curve (not compared to a cousin’s curve, or your neighbor’s baby’s curve), making enough wet and dirty diapers each day, seems happy, meeting milestones?

If so, your milk supply is likely fine. (And if you can’t shake the worry, reach out to an IBCLC for support.)

How to deal with low milk supply

Maintaining your milk supply can feel like a balancing act, especially in the first few months of breastfeeding. But the more you settle into breastfeeding, the easier it will feel.

In the meantime, the key to keeping a robust milk supply is simple: breastfeed. The more milk you remove, the more milk your body will make. To this end, you should:

  • Make sure you’re breastfeeding every 2-3 hours at a minimum.
  • Use skin-to-skin contact to promote oxytocin!
  • Remove as much milk from your breasts with each breastfeeding session. Hand express milk afterward — this technique is easy to learn and very effective!
  • Teach your baby how to latch well — this makes a big difference in milk removal.
  • Eat a healthy, balanced diet and stay well hydrated — a special diet or supplements usually aren’t necessary to boost your supply.
  • If you are really worried about your supply, you can add a power-pumping session to boost your milk production.

Common problem #5: I’m struggling with breastfeeding

You may have heard other parents tell you that you’ll look back on these days as the best of your life. It’s true that breastfeeding is a special, one-of-a-kind experience for parents. There’s nothing quite like it.

But when you’re having a hard time, that’s really not that helpful.

Parents struggle with breastfeeding for lots of reasons. Sometimes the struggle comes from the problems we just covered, but those aren’t the only reasons. Maybe you’re feeling overwhelmed. Maybe you’re feeling isolated. Maybe you feel like the whole thing is supposed to be easier…but it’s not.

There’s zero shame in struggling with breastfeeding, or any other aspect of parenting for that matter. The real problem isn’t the struggle, but parents don’t feel like they can get the help they need to overcome the struggle.

How to deal with breastfeeding struggles

Support. Community. Education. These things make a difference in how manageable breastfeeding — and parenting — can feel.

Get support by building a breastfeeding plan with your partner. Build a community by joining a breastfeeding group — whether locally or online. Enrich your breastfeeding knowledge through education because the more you know about how breastfeeding works, the better prepared you are to succeed.

And never be afraid to reach out for help. IBCLCs can help you figure out how to achieve your breastfeeding goals in a way that feels right for you.

Your journey, our support

Book a convenient online video appointment with a Nest Collaborative IBCLC today.

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